Pagtatae: Ano ang gamot at lunas sa Diarrhea?

Dr. Jen Cruz
is a Medical expert in United States

Ang Diarrhea o pagtatae ay ang pagkakaroon ng malambot o matubig na dumi. Tumatae ng madalas kesa sa normal na bilang at naglalabas ng mas maraming dumi kesa sa normal na dami ang isang taong may diarrhea. Maaaring maranasan ng taong nagtatae ang pagsakit ng tiyan ngunit iba-iba ang mga sinyales, antas at tagal ng pagtatae sa bawat tao. Kadalasang tumatagal ito ng dalawa o tatlong araw at nagagamot ng mga over-the-counter na gamot, ngunit minsan, maaari din itong tumagal ng ilang linggo na maaaring sinyales ng ibang karamdaman.

Diarrhea is the more than usual frequency of passing stools which is watery and of greater volume. There are instances where diarrhea lasts for weeks but it usually occurs for a couple of days only. When diarrhea lasts for weeks, it may imply other underlying conditions which has to be given great attention.

There are major causes of diarrhea which include infection, malnutrition, contaminated source, and other causes. Diarrhea caused by infection can be attributed to the intake of contaminated water with the presence of bacteria, virus, or parasites. Malnutrition is also related to diarrhea as it makes children affected by diarrhea easily. The source from which feces contaminate water also contribute to the causes of diarrhea. Animals, sewage, and septic tanks are responsible for the contamination. Proper hygiene and sanitation should also be highlighted among the causes.

 

Palatandaan at Sinyales ng Nagtatae (Symptoms)


Ang mga sinyales ng pagtatae ay ang mga sumusunod:


· Pagsakit ng tiyan


· Pagkakaroon ng abdominal bloating o cramps


· Madalas na pagtae ng malambot o matubig na dumi


· Pagkahilo at pagsusuka


Ang mga sumusunod naman ay karagdagang sinyales ng pagkakaroon ng komplikadong pagtatae:


· Pagkakaroon ng dugo, mucus at hindi natunaw na pagkain sa dumi


· Pagkakaroon ng lagnat


· Pangangayayat


Softness of the stools when defecating does not absolutely mean that you are having diarrheal episodes.


Aside from these, other symptoms manifested by a patient with diarrhea may include abdominal pain, fever, bleeding and lightheadedness or dizziness when dehydration occurs. Signs of dehydration appear when the body has lost too much fluid and electrolytes specifically the salts potassium and sodium. Dehydration usually happens when diarrhea becomes chronic and persists for several days.


Diarrhea can further be characterized with the following symptoms: frequent watery and loose stools, stomach cramps, painful abdominal area, fever, blood in the stool, bloating. It is alarming when your diarrhea still persists after 2 days. Beyond this, you become very dehydrated which is not a good sign. When you are having black stools, immediately see a doctor and you have very high-grade fever. Among children, see the doctor in haste when the child is abnormally sleepy, very thirsty, there is marked sunken abdomen, eyeballs and very dry skin.


Kailangan nang magpatingin sa doktor kapag ang pagtatae ay tumatagal ng mahigit sa dalawang araw, o kaya ay nakakaranas ng matinding pananakit ng tiyan at rectal area, pagkakaroon ng madugo at maitin na dumi, may lagnat mahigit sa 39°C at pagkaranas ng dehydration. Ang mga palatandaan ng dehydration ay ang pagkaranas ng matinding pagkauhaw, nanunuyong balat at bibig, panghihina, pagkahilo, konti o walang ihi o kaya ay maitim na kulay ng ihi.


Dahilan ng Pagtatae


Nangyayari ang pagtatae kapag ang mga fluids at pagkain ay masyadong mabiliis na dumadaan sa bituka. Ang normal na responsibilidad ng colon ay sipsipin ang mga fluids mula sa ating mga kinakain kung kayat tayo ay nagbabawas ng semi-solid na dumi. Matubig na pagtatae ang resulta kapag hindi nagagampanan ng colon ang trabahong ito. Ito ang mga nagdudulot ng pagtatae:


· Virus. Ang mga virus na kagaya ng cytomegalovirus, Norwalk virus, rotavirus at viral hepatitis ay maaaring magdulot ng pagtatae.


· Bacteria at parasites. Ang kontaminadong pagkain at tubig ay nagdadala ng mga bacteria at parasites na nagdudulot ng pagtatae sa ating katawan. Ang mga halimbawa ng mga bacteria na ito ay salmonella, shigella, E. coli at campylobacter. Ang mga halimbawa ng parasite naman ay ang Giardia lamblia at cryptosporidium.


· Pagkain at Gamot. May mga pagkain na nagdudulot ng pagtatae sa mga taong may allergy dito. May mga gamot naman na nagdudulot din ng pagtatae. Ang karaniwan dito ay ang mga antibiotic. Maaaring magdulot ang mga antibiotic ng pagkaabala sa natural na balance ng ating bituka kung saan makakapagdulot din ng impeksiyon na magdudulot ng pagtatae.


· Lactose intolerance. Kapag mahina o walang kakayahan ang isang tao na tunawin o i-digest ang lactose, nagdudulot ito ng pagtatae matapos kumain ng mga dairy products. Ang lactose ay isang klase ng asukal na matatagpuan sa gatas at iba pang dairy products.


· Fructose and artificial sweeteners. Ang isa pang klase ng asukal gaya ng fructose na matatagpuan sa mga prutas at honey ay maaari ding magdulot ng pagtatae sa mga taong nahihirapang mag-digest nito. Ganoon din para sa mga artificial sweeteners kagaya ng sorbitol at mannitol.


· Surgery at Digestive disorders. May mga taong nakakaranas ng pagtatae matapos ang surgery kagaya ng abdominal surgery at gallbladder removal surgery. Ang pagtatae ay maari din dulot ng mga karamdamang kagaya ng ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, at iba pa.



There are various causes of diarrhea. Food, medications and stress can cause diarrhea. However, is some cases, it can be due to bacteria or virus. Bacteria are often found in raw meats, eggs, shellfish, and unpasteurized milk and when ingested, it can wreak havoc to your digestive system. Moreover, bacteria can also thrive in food which is not refrigerated well which may become spoiled before the patient eats it. On the other hand, viral infections can also cause diarrhea. These types of infection are highly contagious, traveling easily from unwashed hand to unwashed hand.




In most common situations, the primary goal in the management of diarrhea is fluid and electrolyte replacement. This can be done by increasing intake of fluids which contain electrolytes including sodium, potassium and chloride. In addition to this, you should also follow a BRAT diet -

Prevention of diarrhea include securing a safe drinking water, observance of proper sanitation and hand washing, breastfeeding for children, increased knowledge regarding spread of infection. In treating diarrhea, these are the things to follow: rehydration with the use of oral rehydration salts (ORS), use of zinc supplements to shorten the episodes of diarrhea, rehydration with the use of intravenous fluids, and intake of nutritious foods.

About the author

Dr. Jen Cruz

U.S. trained General Practice Family Doctor. Has additional qualifications in ultrasound, emergency medicine, and traumatology.
Profession: Family Medicine
Private practice
United States , California , San Francisco

The medical information contained in this section is not intended for treatment or prescription. It is used to complement, not replace, the communication between a patient and their physician. Reliance on any information provided by BuhayOFW or any medical experts is solely at your own risk. If you have a medical emergency, call your doctor or go to the hospital immediately.

 

 

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JEREMY  TAN
is in Saudi Arabia
YUNG ANAK KO NA BACTERIA PO CGRO SA PAGKAIN KC NAGSUSUKA AT NAGTATAE PO ANO YUNG MABISANG ANTI BACTERIA PRA SA 4YRS OLD NA EDAD..
Cherry Gelsana
is in the Philippines
Nagtatae po ang 3 month old baby ko mga 3-4 days na parang sipon ang dumi nia ...hindi nmn xa matamlay at nilalagnat...anu po ang dapat gawin
Aida Gran
is in the Philippines
Anong gamot sa pagtatae at pagsusuka
anonymous
This person has chosen to hide his/her identity.
anu po bang gamot nakaranas po kasi ako ng pagtatae at pagsusuka ,kawalan gana sa pagkain pagkahilo . im 27 yr/old
anonymous
This person has chosen to hide his/her identity.
Dalawang beses na kong uminom ng Imodium pero di pa rin tumitigil ang pagdumi ko. Tubig lang palagi ang dinudumi ko at palaging mahangin ang tiyan ko. Ikalawang araw ko na pong ganito. Ano kaya ang dapat kong gawin.